中国科学院普通地质学 考研试题

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名词解释(12*2.5)

地层层序律 地质构造 变质作用 硬度 块体运动 稳定大陆边缘 医学地质学

洋流 同化作用 深断裂 地热梯度

二、简述题

1、写出下列三对地质概念的区别(6)

斑状结构与似斑状结构 断层与节理 沉积物与沉积岩

2、简述地下水的地质作用?(8)

3、为什么“季候泥(纹泥)就像树木的年轮一样,记载着沉积物形成的年龄”

4、简述矿物的主要鉴定特征(9)

5、简述地质学的研究意义(9)

6判断沉积地层层序是否正常的证据是什么?(9)

三、详述或论述题(70)

1、变质岩的特征如何?10

2、详述火成岩的鉴定方法?10

3、如何识别褶皱并判断其类型?15

4、海水大规模进退的原因及其地质意义如何?15

5、如何解释全球地震、火山带状分布现象?20

一 、名词解释(12*2.5)

变质矿物   科里奥利效应   晶体   火成岩   震级   逆掩断层  差异风化  纹泥

地下水   潮汐    沙漠化   块体运动

二、间答题(10*5)

1、全球主要地震带、火山带各有哪些??它们与板块构造有何关系?

2、变质作用与岩浆作用有和异同点?

3、简述地质作用的特点?

4、地层不整合接触关系的特征是什么?其地质意义如何?

5、在喀斯特地区,多层溶洞所反映的地质意义是什么?

三、详答或论述题

1、现今地表丰富多姿的地形地貌景观是哪些地质作用的杰作?为什么?(20)

2、如何识别断层?(12)

3、论述人们是怎样知道地球在过去46亿年岁月中的经历(18)

4、论述沉积岩的研究意义(10)

5、试述夷平面的研究意义(10)

窗体顶端

1.陆地表面形态可划分为 、 、 、 和 五个地貌单元。

2.地球内部层圈分为 、 和 ,各层圈的界面为 、 。

3.河流搬运方式有: 、 、 。

4.变质作用的基本类型有 、 、 和 。

5.组成断层的基本要素有 、 和 。

二、 单项项选择题(每小题6分,共30分)

1.下列岩石属于变质岩的是( )。

A 花岗斑岩

B 板岩

C 页岩

2.河流侧蚀作用产生地质现象是( )。

A 峡谷

B 急流瀑布

C 曲流

3.滨海沉积砾石的长轴与海岸( )。

A 平行

B 垂直

C 斜交

4.蘑菇石是( )产物。

A 冰蚀作用

B 风蚀作用

C 潜蚀作用

5.阶地面和阶斜坡均由冲积物组成的,我们称为( )。

A 侵蚀阶地

B 基座阶地

C 堆积阶地

三、 是非题(每题6分,共30分)

1.地表岩石的成分、结构、构造发生变化作用称变质作用。

2.我们通常见到的风、雨、雷等现象就是地质现象。

3.所有的背斜两翼倾向都是向外倾斜的。

4.纹泥是由冰水湖沉积作用形成的。

5.深度每增加100米,而温度需增加数值称地热增温率。

1.试述地球内外动力地质作用的关系(可附图说咐)。(20分)

更多考研真题,请光临www.17ky.cn

2.区别以下概念:矿物、矿石、岩石、宝石、玉石、矿床、矿产。(20分)

3.试用板块构造理论解释全球地震活动的空间分布规律。(20分)

4.试解释岩浆的分异作用和同化混染作用。(20分) www.17ky.cn社区奉献

5.一份完整的地质图应该包括哪几个组成部分?或者根据你在野外实习填图的经验说明一份地质图的编制流程。(20分) www

 

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吾爱地理 » 中国科学院普通地质学 考研试题
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