高中地理学习方法系列:(十四)答题能力是关键

地理答题能力

在阶段性考试和模拟考试等具有一定综合性的考试中,综合题的得分往往很难把握。所以,在这里我主要说说如何提高综合题的答题能力。综合题之所以难以把握,和两方面的因素有关:一是综合题本身的特点,二是我们平时的做题习惯。综合题一般具有很强的综合性,无论是知识点的种类还是思维方式运用。这就要求我们必须系统地掌握基本地理知识,具备一定的地理思维能力,同时又能清楚地把自己的分析判断表达出来。另外,很多同学迫于作业压力,图省事图快,久而久之养成了一种浮躁的做题习惯,比如做练习时经常会有这些情况发生:只做选择题;只是看一眼综合题,在脑子里想一想答案,而没有把答案系统的写下来;对题目的思考不够全面,或思路出现偏差。由此看来,平时做题并没有做透,功夫没下到,考试时不可能临场发挥,夺得高分。

所以,我们平时训练要特别注意杜绝浮躁心理,扎扎实实地做好以下几方面工作:

1. 复习课本内容时,抓住主干,充实细节 ,形成体系

也就是说,首先要保证你没有知识点上的漏洞。同时,你所记住的应该是一个知识体系。系统地存放在大脑里的知识,才能尽快被搜索到,及时派上用场。就像我们整齐存放的物品一样,用时能尽快地找到。一个好的知识体系还能帮助我们更多地吸纳、更好地记忆新的知识。千万不要让你记住的知识变成一锅粥呀!

2. 养成 阅读分析题目 的习惯

能够静下心来,仔细阅读题目,包括文字叙述部分、图表资料和问题。阅读的过程中要做到以下几点:能够在题目中找到有用的信息;能够看出问题的问法、层次,前后问题之间的关系;问题和信息之间的联系;做到整体把握问题,不至于出现漏题、歪曲题意或答串了题等情况。

3. 养成迁移运用课本知识方法的习惯

完成阅读题目这一步后,你已经知道问题是什么了,该怎么去解答问题呢?这时,你要想到课本,要回归课本找方法。一般要进行两步思考:第一,该问题考查的是哪一部分内容,用到了课本上哪一章节,或哪几章节的内容。要特别注意,有的问题综合性很强,可能一问就要用到几节甚至几章的内容。要想到呀!否则就得不全分了。第二,到你所掌握的该章节知识体系中搜索并提炼你所需要的答案。这时就要看你所建起的知识体系是否系统全面了。

4. 养成 系统 组织答案、仔细书写的习惯

当你在大脑里搜索提炼出答案之后,要及时把它们组织起来,编好条目,并逐条地把答案写出来。把整个题目答完之后,再从头到尾通读一遍答案。保证答得和你想的一样。现在,你才算把这道题目答完了。该拿到的分才拿到了手。

以上习惯贵在坚持,久而久之,习惯就变成能力。切不可急于求成,好的做法还没坚持两天,就要出成绩,没出成绩,就自暴自弃。总之,功夫不负有心人,只有平时下足功夫,考试时才能应对自如。

 

注:本系列文章资料源于网络(http://www.doc88.com/p-8169042178547.html),吾爱地理网整理并配图。

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吾爱地理 » 高中地理学习方法系列:(十四)答题能力是关键
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