中科院-2012年遥感概论考研真题

中国科学院研究生院
2012年招收攻读硕士学位研究生入学统一考试试题
科目名称:遥感概论
考生须知:
1.本试卷满分为150分,全部考试时间总计180分钟。
2.所有答案必须写在答题纸上,写在试题纸上或草稿纸上一律无效。
– . 名词解释(每题5分,共40分)
1.遥感平台
2. SAR
3.直方图
4.光谱反射曲线
5. 镜面反射
6.维恩位移定律
7.比辐射率
8.辐射亮度
二.简答题(每题10分,共50分)
1.阐述瑞利散射和米氏散射的特点?
2.存储与分发多波段数字图像时,通常采用哪几种数据格式?请分别介绍其数据
排列方法。
3.简述几何校正时重采样的方法有哪些?
4.简要说明植被指数为什么可以突出植被信息?
5.简要对比中值滤波和均值滤波的特点。
三.论述题(每题20分,共60分)
1.什么是数据融合?以洪水监测为例说明数据融合的意义。
2.说明遥感图像分辨率(空间、波谱、辐射及时间分辨率)的含义及其在遥感应
用中的意义。
3.试比较监督分类和非监督分类方法的特点,并举例说明监督分类的过程。

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吾爱地理 » 中科院-2012年遥感概论考研真题
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