遥感考研考试大纲

很多院校没有出考试大纲,这个考试大纲有助把握考试重点!

一、 考试内容
(一) 遥感与电磁波理论
1. 遥感与电磁波
2. 大气对电磁波的影响
3. 遥感的概念
4. 遥感系统
5. 遥感的类型
6. 遥感的特点
(二) 地物波谱特性
1. 地物波谱的概念
2. 植物、水体、岩矿、土壤4大自然地物的波谱特性
(三) 遥感成像机理与影像特点
1. 遥感平台
2. 摄影成像与影像特点
3. 光机扫描成像与影像特点
4. 推扫式扫描成像与影像特点
5. 雷达成像与影像特点
(四) 遥感图像处理
1. 遥感图像的系统处理与应用处理
2. 光学图像处理与数字图像计算机处理
3. 数字图像的几何纠正与辐射纠正
4. 数字图像的变换与增强
5. 数据融合
(五) 遥感图像分析
1. 遥感图像的目视解译
(1) 解译标志
(2) 解译方法与步骤
2. 遥感图像的自动识别分类
(1) 监督分类
(2) 非监督分类
(3) 智能化识别分类的发展趋势
(六) 遥感应用
1. 资源调查与管理
2. 环境监测与评估
3. 灾害动态监测与管理
二、 考试要求
(一) 遥感与电磁波理论
1. 了解黑体辐射定律、维恩位移公式的意义。
2. 大致了解大气层的基本结构与特征;理解大气吸收与散射机理、大气窗口概念以及大气传输方程。
3. 理解遥感系统的构成
4. 掌握遥感类型划分原则与类别
5. 了解遥感的基本概念、特点和优越性
(二) 地物波谱特性
1. 理解地物波谱的概念及其对遥感发展的重要意义
2.掌握植物、水体、岩矿、土壤波谱的基本特点
(三) 遥感成像机理与影像特点
1. 掌握遥感平台的概念,掌握目前常用的遥感图像(TM、ETM+、SPOT、QUICKBIRD、MODIS等)的基本技术参数(波谱段范围、分辨率等)
2. 理解摄影成像原理与影像特点
3. 理解扫描成像原理与影像特点
4.了解微波遥感原理与影像特点
5. 掌握遥感图像空间分辨率、波谱分辨率、辐射分辨率、时间分辨率的概念及意义。
(四) 遥感图像处理
1.理解遥感图像的系统处理与应用处理的目的、意义及内容。
2.理解并掌握颜色视觉的相关概念、颜色的表示方法;熟练掌握加色法和减色法的彩色合成原理。
3.理解辐射纠正、几何纠正的目的、意义、基本原理;掌握几何纠正的基本方法和步骤。
4.理解图像拉伸、彩色增强的原理和方法;掌握K-L变换、K-T变换的原理、步骤、特点。
5.理解数据融合的目的、意义、概念,掌握数据融合的基本思路和步骤。
(五) 遥感图像分析
掌握遥感图像目视解译和自动识别分类的原理、基本方法及各自的特点。
1. 掌握遥感图像的目视解译的直接解译标志、间接解译标志、解译方法。
2. 理解图像监督分类和非监督分类的基本原理和方法
(六) 遥感应用
1. 了解遥感在土地资源、矿产资源、森林资源等国土资源的调查与管理中的应用。
2. 了解遥感在大气环境、水环境、生态环境监测与评估方面的应用。
3. 了解遥感技术在水灾、火灾、虫灾、地质灾害、沙尘暴等灾害的动态监测与管理中的应用。

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吾爱地理 » 遥感考研考试大纲
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