南京大学GIS考研入学试题大集合

南京大学1995GIS考研入学试题 

一、名次解释(20)

  1. 地理信息系统
  2. 全球定位系统
  3. 数据结构
  4. 游程编码
  5. DIME文件

二、试以实例说明空间数据的基本特征及其在计算机中的表示方法(15)

三、试述在PCARC/INFO中一个信息存储层(coverage)的生成步骤及使用的相应命令。(15)

四、试以城市某一子功能的应用为例,简述建立运行gis的方法和步骤。(25)

五、简述gis的空间分析功能及其地学应用。(25)

 

南京大学1996GIS考研入学试题 

一、名次解释(20)

  1. 地理信息系统
  2. 数据库管理系统
  3. 四叉树编码
  4. 边界代数算法
  5. 数字插值与拟合

二、试以实例说明空间数据的基本特征及其在计算机中的表示方法。(15)

三、试写出矢量和栅格数据结构的模式,并列表比较其优缺点。(20)

四、简述gis的空间分析功能,并试以实例说明其在地理学中的应用。(25)

五、以城市地籍管理为例,简述建立运行gis的方法与步骤。(30)

 

南京大学1997GIS考研入学试题 

1.试根据建立多边形的右转算法和左转算法原理,写出由有向线短组成的多边形区域的定义。(15)

2.试描述gis中的2维(2-D)、2.5维(2.5-D)、3维(3-D)和4维(4-D)空间数据系统的概念,并说明其各自的应用

对象或领域。(15)

3.此题为<<地理信息系统>>(修订版)黄杏元、马劲松等第194页习题第6题(20)

 

南京大学1998GIS考研入学试题 

一、解释名词(20)

1.地理信息科学(Geoinformatics)

2.数据库管理系统

3.四叉树编码

4.数字插值与拟合

5.多媒体技术

二、GIS空间数据可按行政界线、图幅或面向对象的方法进行组织,是以试例书名它们之间的异同点及面向对象的特点。(25)

三、试述gis运行环境的选择,应遵循那些基本原则?(15)

四、简述gis空间分析功能,并试以实例说明其在地理学中的应用及意义。(20)

五、如图所示,设多边形A和B相交,是写出它们经布尔操作后的结果(0或1),分别填入下表:

此题即教材P189表5-15的一部分,很简单。

 

南京大学1999GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释(20)

1.空间数据结构

2.客户/服务器结构

3.缓冲带(Buffer)分析

4.计算机网络

二、试述建立数字高程模型的基本方法,并说明根据该模型能派生出哪些地学信息及其意义。(20)

三、试以建立土地信息系统为例,简述建立该系统的技术方案设计要点。(20)

四、试以实例说明空间数据的基本特征,并写出两个目前使用的空间数据库模型及其特点。(20)

五、结合您的工作或了解的情况,简述gis发展的主要趋势(理论、技术和应用)。(20)

 

南京大学2000GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释(任选5)20分)

1.四叉树数据结构2.GIS交互操作3.数据插值与拟和4.叠置分析5.数字地球6.国家空间信息基础设施(NSDI)

二、简述空间数据的拓扑关系及其对GIS数据处理与空间分析有何重要意义。(20分)

三、试述ARC/INFO系统中coverage的特征及其功能,并说明该系统所采用的数据组织方法及数据库管理模式。(20分)

四、简述数字高程模型(DEM)的建立方法(以一种方法为例),并说明它在GIS空间分析中的意义。(20分)

五、试以空间矢量分析方法为例,绘图表示当坡向分别为南、东、北、西时的法矢量(n(i,j))及其在平面上的投影与x轴之间的夹角(θ)的状态,并计算当高程z(i,j)=200米,z(i+1,j)=100米,z(i,j+1)=500米和z(i+1,j+1)=40米,该曲面单元粗糙度(Di,j)的值。(20分)

 

南京大学2001GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释(20分)

1.多边形边界和多边形区域2.数据插值与拟和3.空间数据引擎(SDE)4.客户机/服务器结构5.部件对象模型

二、简述空间数据结构的拓扑关系及其对GIS数据处理和空间分析有何重要意义。(15分)

三、简述GIS空间数据库设计的基本步骤。(15分)

四、简述GIS,RS,GPS集成的定义,理论,关键技术。(25分)

五、设某相应用为核电站选址,要求核电站临近海湾,交通便捷,地形坡度小于5度,地质条件安全,并避开居民区。请试以GIS方法,设计该位置选择的应用模型,用框图表示其运行过程,并说明其有关的操作和算子。(25分)

 

南京大学2002GIS考研入学试题 

1.数据库管理系统有哪几种模型?比较它们的优缺点,并指出是否适合GIS空间数据的管理。

2.举例说明空间叠加分析和缓冲区分析的异同点。

3.结合你的专业领域论述GIS的发展趋势和前景。(不太记得是不是这个内容了)

4.试设计一算法,使两次放置原图在数字化仪平台上,两次所采集的数据仍属于同一坐标系。

 

南京大学2003GIS考研入学试题 

一 名词解释(30)

1 地理信息系统(7) 2 四*树数据结构(7) 3 放射变换 (8) 4 狄洛尼(Delaunay)三角网 (8)

二 试述GIS数据质量和空间数据的不决定性包含了哪些方面?你认为那几方面的数据质量是难以保证 和最需要注意的 ?(30)

三 试述矢量格式向栅格格式数据转换有那几种方法?写出各自算法的要点,并比较他们的优缺点。 (30)

四 某县决定坡度大于25的耕地要退耕还林,是设计一个算法计算每个乡可能退耕还林面积和新增的 面积。(30)

五 是建立下图面状实体的线性四*树空间索引和分层四*树空间索引。(30) 21 23 29 31 53 55 61 63 2……

 

南京大学2004GIS考研入学试题 

一、什么是数据库、数据库管理系统、数据库系统、数据库模型?(20分)

二、GIS系统中,为什么需做栅格数据和矢量数据之间的转换?这些转换有哪些算法?(30分)

三、举例说明GIS缓冲区分析和叠合分析的用途。(30分)

四、设以下网格(i=0、1、2、……、7;j=0、1、2、……、7)内的数字0、1、2、3表示Morton编码(Peauo键),请继续完成全栅格的线形四叉树编码,并建立栅格对象(A表示河流干流,B、C、D、E、F、G、H、I表示河流的各个支流)的线形四叉树空间索引和分曾四叉树空间索引。(35分)(暂时无图)

五、试列表说明解决某项应用的常规方法和GIS方法所采用关键技术的主要异同点。(35分)

 

南京大学2005GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释

1.4D产品  2.空间数据引擎  3.LBS  4.数字高程模型  5.嵌入式GIS

二、问答题

1.阐述地理信息系统的主要特征

2.阐述地理信息系统数据组织的发展及趋势

3.阐述主要的地理定位数据获取方法和原理

4.阐述电子政务系统与GIS的关系

5.阐述通信技术发展与GIS的相互关系

 

南京大学2006GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释

1、GIS应用模型

2、数字地球

3、栅格游程编码

4、关系数据库

二、论述

1、GIS中的缓冲区有点、线、面的缓冲区三种。试分别举一例说明其在地学中的应用。

2、珊格数据的矩阵存储形式和DEM矩形格网数据的异同,举例说明

3、矢量多边形数据的拓扑关系、TIN数据的拓扑关系、网络数据的拓扑关系分别有哪些,举例说明

4、南京紫金山上的松林感染了松毛虫病,已知单位面积用药量,设计一个方案比较精确的计算出总的用药量,要求包括数据采集、数据处理、数据分析等的详细步骤。

 

南京大学2008GIS考研入学试题 

一、名词解释:4*10

似大地水准面和旋转椭球

多边形矢量结构中的拓扑关系

临界矩形和dijkstra算法

高斯克吕格投影

二、论述 110′

1、简述GIS的硬件设备的组成,并对(1)处理设备、(2)输入设备、(3)输出设备分别举两个例子说明功能和用途

2、什么是游程编码结构,影响游程编码的因素及压缩效果

3、试分析delauny三角形和泰森多边形的内在联系及在GIS中作用

4、分别举例说明(1)点与多边形叠合分析、(2)线与多边形叠合分析、及(3)多边形与多边形叠合分析(union和intersect)的作用,并以图示说明

5、08北京奥运,为方便来自各国的游客们购买门票,现欲增设售票点,试用GIS知识帮助有关部门进行选址,售票点要满足的地学条件:

A 新的售票点要尽量远离现有的售票点

B 优先考虑城市商业用地,其次居民用地也可以

C 尽量在人口密集区域

D 要在离交通500米以内

试写出需要的数据的内容和类型,设计一个应用模型,用图文说明运行方法和步骤

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吾爱地理 » 南京大学GIS考研入学试题大集合
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