福州大学地理信息系统(GIS)考研试题大集合

福州大学2004GIS硕士/博士研究生入学考试试卷 

 

招生学院:空间信息中心  招生专业:地图学与地理信息系统`地图制图学与地理信息工程

考试科目:地理信息系统与摇感导论  科目编号:447

1  名词解释 (每题6分,共36分)

1.1 大气窗口

1.2 空间拓扑分析

1..3 空间滤波

1.4 统一建模语言(UML)

1.5 遥感影像的分辨率

1.6 网络地理信息服务

2  简答题(共64分)

2.1 叙述一种有代表性的GIS商业化软件的基本情况和主要功能。(12分)

2.2 专业应用分析模型(如数值分析模型,探索性空间统计分析模型,解析模型)与GIS集成的主要方式及特点。(10分)

2.3 主要的遥感动态监测(变化检测,Change Detection)方法,各自的优缺点及应用条件(至少两种)。(14分)

2.4 简要叙述现代GIS软件工程中的核心工作流(主要步骤)及主要工作内容(16分)

2.5 请简述地球信息科学(Geoinfomation Science)和数字地球(Digital Earth)研究计划的主要内容及其在科学工程和国民经济建设中的重要地位和作用。(12)

3  论述题 (每题25分,共50分)

3.1

现有两张同一地区,不同专题的纸质底图(如土地利用现状图和森林资源种类分布(林

相)图)。它们成图的时间不同,采用的比例尺不一,地图投影分属

3

度和

6

度分带,但同属高斯投影体系,部分地图要素定义相同,如耕地,有林地,居民点等。目标是以老图为基础,用新图更新部分的图斑。试设计一个算法(或流程),使两次放置原图在数字化仪平台上,两次所采集的数据仍属于同一坐标系,并进行叠置操作实现部分要素更新。(请写出必要的公式和图示)

 

3.2 请分别说明空间数据中栅格数据和矢量数据的各自特点,数据结构比较和相互转换算法。现以分类结果影像为原始数据,基于现有遥感和GIS基础软件平台,论述遥感分类数据进行矢量化建库(是一个有特殊要求的栅格转矢量的过程)的基本流程步骤,特点及关键技术。(请写出必要的公式和图标)

 

福州大学2005GIS硕士/博士研究生入学考试试卷 

 

1 名词解释(每小题5分,共20分)

1.1 电子地图

1.2 缓冲区

1.3 GPS

1.4 WebGIS

2 简答题(共90分)

2.1 简述地理信息系统的基本功能(12分)

2.2 简述当代地理信息系统的发展动态(12分)

2.3 简述栅格数据结构的特点(12分)

2.4 简述空间数据输入地理信息系统的方法(12分)

2.5 简述DEM的基本类型(9分)

2.6 简述泰森多边形的性质(9分)

2.7 简述矢量数据叠置分析的基本类型和内容(12分)

2.8 简述虚拟实现的基本类型和意义(12分)

3 综合题(每小题20分,共40分)

3.1 某地共有n个气象观测站,其平面坐标位置分别为Pi(xi,yi,i=1,2,…,n),设在某一时刻第i台站观测到的温度值为ti(i=1,2,…,n),现需要计算同一时刻该地任意位置P(x,y)处的温度值,试设计三种完成该任务的插值方案。

3.2 试论述采用地理信息系统管理空间数据相对于传统手工方式的优势。

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吾爱地理 » 福州大学地理信息系统(GIS)考研试题大集合
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