中国重要山脉经纬度及特征

 

大兴安岭 118°-123°E;43.4°-52.6°′ N 南北长约 1220 公里,是东北平原与内蒙古高

原的分界线。 半湿润区和半干旱区, 农牧区分界线。 大兴安岭是嫩江发源地, 也是辽河水系、

松花江和嫩江水系与其西北侧的黑龙江源头支流的分水岭。

 

长白山脉 123°40’~131°E 41°~ 44° 30’N。是辽、吉、黑三省东部山地的总称。狭义的

长白山位于吉林省东南部,是长白山最高部分,又称白头山,是中、朝两国界山。白头山天

池,是松花、图们、鸭绿三江发源地,中朝两国的界湖。长白山是一座休眠火山,历史有过

数次喷发。长白山景色秀丽,是我国十大名山之一,与五岳齐名。

 

天山山脉 42.5°-43°N 是准噶尔盆地(中温带)与塔里木盆地(暖温带)分界线。塔里

木盆地被高山团团围住,气候特别干燥,大多是沙漠地带,只有边缘地区的绿洲上能种粮、

棉和瓜果。 准噶尔盆地西北边缘的山地不很高,而且有很多缺口,大西洋、 北冰洋的气流能

够进入,所以气候比较湿润,除了盆地内一些绿洲可以种植春小麦、棉花、瓜果,这里的草

场也很优良,畜牧业发达。有著名的克拉玛依油田。

 

太行山36-40°N, 112-115°E 黄土高原与华北平原分界线。东北-西南走向,山脊海拔

1,500~2,000 米。位于北京、河北、山西、河南之间。绵延400 余公里,为山西与河北、河

南两省的天然界山。太行山北高南低,大部分海拔在1200米以上。

 

贺兰山 38.8°N ,106°E 位于宁夏与内蒙古交界处。南北走向。 山势雄伟, 若群马奔腾。

蒙古语称骏马为“贺兰” ,故名贺兰山。海拔2000~3000 米,是中国西北地区的重要地理界

线。贺兰山植被垂直带变化明显。贺兰山自然资源丰富。山前冲积平原上草场辽阔,是宁夏滩羊的重要产区,

滩羊二毛皮古称“千金裘”,贺兰山是温带荒漠与温带荒漠草原的分界线,又是西北内流区与外流区的分水

岭。高耸的地形及良好植被对保护富庶的宁夏平原具有重要作用。

 

祁连山 36-39°N,95°-103°E。位于青海省与甘肃省交界处。河西走廊西南侧。聚宝盆柴

塔木盆地东北侧。由多条西北-东南走向的平行山脉和宽谷组成。

 

秦岭 (34°N,100-112°E) 我国中部的东西走向山脉,南北方重要地理分界线。西起甘肃南

部,经陕西南部到河南西部,为黄河支流渭河与长江支流嘉陵江、汉水的分水岭。 主峰太白

山海拔 3,767 米。秦岭北部的渭河是黄河最大的支流;南部的汉水,是长江最大支流。

巫山 30~32°N,110°E。东北 -西南走向。西面为重庆,东面为湖北。是四川盆地与长江中

下游平原分界线。长江经过这里时横切巫山,形成了长江三峡。

 

大别山 30°10′~ 32°30′N, 112° 40′~ 117°10′E。长江与淮河水系的分水岭。位于

豫、鄂、皖3 省边境。山地主要部分海拔1500 米左右 ,主峰白马尖,海拔

1774 米。

 

冈底斯山脉29°-32° N 79°-88°E西北 -东南走向,与喜马拉雅山平行。冈底斯藏语意

为众山之主。海拔约6000 米。佛教中认为是宇宙的中心。青藏高原南北重要地理界线,印

度洋外流水系与藏北内流水系的主要分水岭。南侧即藏南地区。

 

横断山脉 22°~32°N,97°~103°E 四川、云南西部和西藏东部系列南北走向山脉的总称。青

藏高原与云贵高原分界线。山高谷深,岭谷高差一般在1000~2,000 米以上。为中国纬度最

南的现代冰川分布区。27°10′ N 的玉龙雪山海拔5,596米。横断山脉是我国重要的有色金属矿产地。

金沙江、 澜沧江和怒江以有色金属为主的各种矿藏多达百种以上; 在雅砻江和金沙江交汇处一带富含钒钛磁铁矿,

攀枝花是中国铁矿储量很大的地区, 钒钛金属和其他有色金属的重要基地。横断山脉是中国主要水能资源分布区。

金沙江水能蕴藏量近1亿千瓦。森林资源富饶而广布, 是我国西南林区的主体部分,树种极其丰富。大雪山主峰贡嘎山海拔

7556 米,为横断山脉最高峰。金沙江石鼓附近的虎跳峡为世界著名峡谷。这里山崩、滑坡、泥石流及地震频繁,又是中国生物多样性最丰富的区域。该地区及

附近的丽江古城和“三江并流”自然景观先后被列入《世界遗产名录》。

 

武夷山 25~29′N,116°~ 119° E。地处福建西北。江西与福建的分界线。长江水系与闽

江水系的分水岭。 西部是全球生物多样性保护的关键地区,分布着世界同纬度带现存最完整、

最典型、面积最大的中亚热带原生性森林生态系统;东部以秀水、奇峰、幽谷、险壑等诸多

美景、悠久的历史文化和众多的文物古迹而享有盛誉,被列入《世界遗产名录》。

 

南岭 24°~ 26°30′N,110°~ 116°E。位于湘、赣、粤、桂边境。东西走向。是长江水

系与珠江水系的分水岭。桂江上游与湘江上游之间秦时开凿灵渠。地带性土壤是红壤。 有色

金属丰富,以钨、锑矿最为丰富,为世界最集中的产地。南岭西段的盆地(桂)多由石灰岩

组成, 形成喀斯特地貌; 东段的盆地 (粤)多由红色砂砾岩组成, 经风化侵蚀形成丹霞地貌。

「丹霞」即由广东大庾岭西南侧的丹霞山得名。

 

  • 打赏

x

  • 微信
  • 支付宝
除特殊注明外,资料来源于网络,仅供学习,请于24小时内 删除
吾爱地理 » 中国重要山脉经纬度及特征
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Reading your article has greatly helped me, and I agree with you. But I still have some questions. Can you help me? I will pay attention to your answer. thank you.
Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.
Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Reading your article has greatly helped me, and I agree with you. But I still have some questions. Can you help me? I will pay attention to your answer. thank you.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
I don't think the title of your article matches the content lol. Just kidding, mainly because I had some doubts after reading the article.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
I do not even understand how I ended up here, but I assumed this publish used to be great
I’m often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated
For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!
I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.
I don't think the title of your article matches the content lol. Just kidding, mainly because I had some doubts after reading the article.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
I don't think the title of your article matches the content lol. Just kidding, mainly because I had some doubts after reading the article.
I don't think the title of your article matches the content lol. Just kidding, mainly because I had some doubts after reading the article.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites
Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.
This was beautiful Admin. Thank you for your reflections.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Your point of view caught my eye and was very interesting. Thanks. I have a question for you.
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
This was beautiful Admin. Thank you for your reflections.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
I don't think the title of your article matches the content lol. Just kidding, mainly because I had some doubts after reading the article.
Thanks for sharing. I read many of your blog posts, cool, your blog is very good.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.
Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing
Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post
This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at one place
This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at one place
I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav
very informative articles or reviews at this time.
naturally like your web site however you need to take a look at the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth on the other hand I will surely come again again.
I do not even understand how I ended up here, but I assumed this publish used to be great
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
I am truly thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic piece of writing at at this place.
Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated
very informative articles or reviews at this time.
very informative articles or reviews at this time.
I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.
Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!
I’m often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information.
I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles
Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.
I am truly thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic piece of writing at at this place.
I do not even understand how I ended up here, but I assumed this publish used to be great
I appreciate you sharing this blog post. Thanks Again. Cool.
There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made
For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.
Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.
very informative articles or reviews at this time.
There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made
Very well presented. Every quote was awesome and thanks for sharing the content. Keep sharing and keep motivating others.
You’re so awesome! I don’t believe I have read a single thing like that before. So great to find someone with some original thoughts on this topic. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!
I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles
Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this post
This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!
For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.
I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?
Can you be more specific about the content of your article? After reading it, I still have some doubts. Hope you can help me.
I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
I am truly thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic piece of writing at at this place.
I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.
I am truly thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic piece of writing at at this place.
I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles
naturally like your web site however you need to take a look at the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth on the other hand I will surely come again again.
I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites
very informative articles or reviews at this time.
This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!
Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated
I’m often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information.
very informative articles or reviews at this time.