西南大学2001年-2016年人文地理学考研真题

2001年

一、名词解释(15′ )
1、中东
2.地理大发现
3.大洋洲
4、尼罗河
5.巴黎盆地

二、简述题(20′ )
1、世界地理环境结构的地域分异规律
2、战后科技革命对世界经济发展和产业分布的影响。

三、填图题(图略)在图上填出: (15′ )
1.同意后的德国国界和国名: (1′ )
2.鲁尔区的大致范围,(2′ )
3、菜茵河、多瑙河、易北河。中德C部)运河、基尔运河: (各1″
4、城市:不菜梅、汉堡、柏林,波茨坦、波恩、法兰克福、慕尼關: (各1′ )

四、论述题
1、对比分析北美和拉美的经济发展条件和特征,(30’ )
2.简述欧盟、北美自由贸易区,亚太经合组织的发展与全球经济- -体化得关系。 (20′ )

 

2002年

-一、名词解释20
1、中国经济地理
2、人口构成
3、华南农业区
4、京津唐工业地带
5、经济地带
二、分析论述题80

1、说明我国土地资源的基本特征。
2、说明我国农业生产地域分 异的基本态势。
3、说明新中国工业布局演变的特点。
4、说明中国经济地理研究的基本内容。
5、结合实施西部大开发战略,说明西部产业结构调整的基本思路和方向。

 

2003年

一、名词解释(30分, 每个5分)
1.国民生产总值(GNP)
2.第三次科技革命
3、后发优势
4、消滴效应
5、中国西部大开发
6、点一轴开发模式
二、填图题(25分)
1)在日本地图上填绘日本八大地区,十三个经济地区(要求划出各
2)地区和各经济区的大致界限并在相应的位置写出名称),在相应的位置填出东京。大阪,
北九州,礼幌等四个城市。
三简述愿(45分)
1)简述中国西南区农业地理特征
2)浅述基本产业结构演变的特征和动因。.
3)简析现代科学技术对户业布局的影响。
四、论述题(50分)
1)试析当代世界经济地域系统的基本特征。
2)试析城镇在区域经济发展中的基本功能。

 

2004年

一、名词解释(30分,每个5分)
1、经济区位
2、网尼克指数
3、三湾- -海地区
4、霍尔木兹海峡
5、温带海洋性气候
6、区际商品率
二、简答题(55分)
1)主导产业有哪些基本特征?选择主导产业的判断指标有哪些? 15分
2)简述城市化的基本原理和一般规律,10分
3)试述自然资源的总体评价。15分
4)简评美国地理位置对关国资本主义发展的影响。15分
三、填图题(15分)
在图上填出英国11个标准区的名称及大致范围,赫布里底群岛,伦敦,泰曙士河,奔宁山脉。
四、论述题(25分)
1)从区域发展的角度,淡淡你对长江三角洲及沿岸地区的认识。
2)试用区城经济一体化理论 分析欧盟的发展。

 

2005年

一名词解释(40分,每个8分)
1、劳动地域分 工
2、主导产业
3、京津塘工业基地
4、经济地域系统
5、日本太平洋沿岸 工业地带
二简答题(60分)
1)简述区域规划的主要内容。
2)简述战后世界经济贸易的发展特点.
3)简述东北老工业区振兴发展的条件,
4)试对我国能源资源进行简要的经济评价.
四论述愿(50分 )
1)论述战后国际旅游业的发展特征。动因和世界主婴旅游区域。
2)党的十六届三中会议明确提出“以人为本,全面,协调,可持续发展”的科学发展观,
强调五个统筹,推进改革和发展。统筹区城发展是五个统筹中的重要内容之-。其核心目
标是实现区域经济的协调发展。使用经济地理学产业布局和区域开发的有关理论。结合我
国实际,谈谈你对“统筹区域发展”的认识。

 

2006年

一名词解释(30分, 每个5分)
1、西电东送
2.全国性 朗晶粮基地
3、马六甲海峡
4、巴拿马运河
5、区位与区位优势
6、生产要素禀赋论
二简答题(45分)
1)简述加快我因城镇发展的意义及对策。
2)简述地理大发现。
3)简述企业增长的动因及企业空间扩张的规律。
四论述愿(75分)
1)论述长江三角洲及沿江地区的区位优势与经济发展重点。
2)试析战后世界经济地域系统发展条件和特征的新变化。3)
试论区域开发中经济发展不平衡规律的作用。

 

2007年

一名词解释(25分, 每个5分)
1、经济区
2.旅游环境
3、区位理论
4、第三次科技革命
5、现代集约可持续农业
二简答题(45分)
1)根据技术创新对区域结构变迁的作用机制,简述我因增强自主创新能力的必要性。
2)中国人口结构存在的主要为题有哪些?从以人为本的角度,谈谈协调我国人口结构的对
策。
3)简述美国的地理位置对美国资本主义发展的影响。
四论述愿(80分)
1)联系我国的实际,论述区域经济协调发展的必婴性与途径。。
2)对比分析中国辽中南工业基地与珠江三角洲工业基地的工业基本特点及其成因。
3)试用区域经济–体化的理论米分析欧盟的发展。

2008年

一名词解释(30分,每个5分)
1、主导产业与支柱产业
2、履行形志学说
3、京津塘钢铁工业基地
4、黄淮海农业区
5、美国制造业带
6、里海海峡.
二简答题(45分)
1)简述韦伯工业区为理论的主要内容。
2)简述东南沿海区城经济发展的特点,
3)简述地理大发现对近代以米世界经济地理格局的影响。
四论述题(75分)
1)简述区域经济增长的主要因素
2)举例分析我国当前面的的人地资源问题。
3)简述澳大利亚农业和工矿业的发展与分布特征

2009年

-.名词解释(30分, 每个5分)
1、区位于区位条件
2.倒U字型假说
3、深圳经济特区
4、西欧工业地带
5、第二条欧亚大陆桥
6、霍尔木兹海峡
二简答题(45分)
1)简述要素投入对经济活动区位选择的一般影响。
2)简述东北老工业基地的发展变化极其振兴。
3)简要回答美国东北部地区经济高度发达的原因。
四论述愿(75分)
1)简述区域空间结构的模式及其佛里德曼的区城空阿结构的演变理论。
2)分析中国自然资源,生态环境与经济发展的特征及其问题。
3)分析当前全球金融危机对世界经济格局的影响,并简述我国应对金融危机的主要措施。

2010年

一、 名词解释30
1.杜能圈和逆杜能圈
2.区域创新网络
3.环渤海地区
4.成渝沿线综合工业基地
5.第三次科技革命
6.“三湾一淘”地区
二、简答题45
1.简述跨国公司总部的区位要求及其最新变化
2.简要分析西部地区发展的条件
3.简评日本的地理位置
三、论述题75
1.试述梯度推移论的主要观点及其在我因的应用。
2.对比分析南欧、北欧的经济地理特征。
3.2009年,重庆市向因务院提出了构建“西三角经济圈”,打造中国第四增长极的设想。谈
谈你对构建“西三角经济圈”的认识。

2011年

一、名词解释30
1.交通网的连接度
2.配弟一克拉克定律
3.长江三角 洲及沿江地区
4.鞍、本钢铁工业基地
5. 鲁尔工业基地
6. 苏伊士运河
二。简答题45
1简述 克里斯泰勒中心地理 论的基本内容
2简要回答我国西南区经济发展中存在的主要问题。
3简要分析澳大利亚的经济地理特征
三、论述题75
1.区域经济差异对区域经济和社会发展有什么影响?面对区域经济发展差异现实,如何
实现我国区域经济的协调发展?
2.试分 析中国能源工业存在的问愿及应对措施。
3.2010年1月1日,中国一东盟自由贸易区正式启动,成为全球第三大自由贸易区,试分析中
国一东盟自由贸易区建立的动因及其对我国经济的影响。

2012年

一、名词解释30
1中心地 与中心性
2增长极
3东欧工业带
4.中东地区
5.城郊畜牧业
6.珠江三角洲综合 工业基地
二、简答题45
1用产品周 期理论解释跨国投资的发生。
简要分析日本京滨工业地带的发展条件.
3简述中国人地关系的重大课题,
三、论述题75
怎样选择一个区域的主导产业2如何课价-一个区域产业结构的合理性?
2试分 析美国工业地理的基本特征拥挤美国“阳光地带”崛起的原因。
3.2011年5月,国务院正式批复《成渝经济区区域规划》,这意味着成渝经济区的发展纳入
了国家战略,试分析成渝经济区发展的有利条件和而临的挑战。

2013年

名词解释
1功能文化区和形式文化区
2空间近邻效应
3政治空间结构
4同质区域
5农业景观的主要形式
6实在想不起来了
简答题
1民居与环境的关系
2区位理论在不同时朋发现的特点
3语言传播和扩散过程的主要特征
4区城空间结构的演变的一般规律
5跨国公司对经济全球化的促进作用
6人文地理学对可持续发展的作用和任务
论述题
1举例说明人文地理学研究的一般程序和人文地理研究体会。
2用区域产业结构的理论。结合某区域,说明经济转型的必婴性和主要思路。
3政策环境对经济活动区位的影响。 并说明改革开放以来,对于中国东部沿海地区和西部
大开发战略,政府行为的不同影响

2014年

名词解释(30分)
1结构主义方法论
2农业区位论
3心脏地带学说
4普雷德行 为矩阵
5霍夫曼定律
6例U型学说
简答题(60分)
1人文地理研究的特定内核
2邦奇的人口大陆图
3资源如何影响工业的分布
4.用产品周期理论回答为何要开展跨国投资
5.罗斯托经济增长阶段的主要观点
6影响零售业区位决策的基 本因素
论述题(60分)
1.技术创新对区域结构变迁的作用机制
2.利用人文地理学相关理论,联系重庆城市化发展中存在的问题,给出你的未来重庆市
城市化的发展思路

2015年

1.人口压力说
2.斯皮克曼“陆缘学说”
3、消费者行为空间学习模型
4、原料指數
5、中心地与中心性
6、主导产业.
二、简答题(12分每题,共72分)
1.简述世界上典型的人口转变模式。
2.用折衷理论解释跨国投资在国际间的转移。
3.简述交通运输对经济活动的影啊。
4、简述人文地理学中的实证主义方法论。
5、简述城市内部的地城结构模型,
主论述题(24分创题,共48分
1.评述不同时期人地关系理论的学说。
2.用经济地理学的原理米解释2014年国家提出的“一路一带”战略。

2016年

一、名词解释
1文化本土化
2意境地图
3马汉海权论
4赖利零售引力法则
5垂直一体化与横向- -体化
6库茲涅茨法则.
二、简答题
1汤因比挑战与应战越说的主要观点
2城市化的动力机制
3乡村旅游对区域经济的促进作用
4自然环境对经济活动区位的影响
5史密斯收益性空间差异分析的主要观点
6产业集群的特征
三、论述
1谈谈你对经济区域差异可调控性的理解
2谈谈你对全面二胎政策对经济活动发展的影响。

 

 

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吾爱地理 » 西南大学2001年-2016年人文地理学考研真题
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