2010年西北大学自然地理考研试题

一,填空题(40*0.5)

1.部门自然地理学包括( ),( ),( ),( ),( )和()等

2.地球表层的地理环境包括( ),( ),( )和()等几大圈。

3.地球岩石圈包括( ),( ),( )三部分

4.河川径流的计量单位主要有( ),( ),( ) ,( ),( ),( )

5.影响河流水情要素的有( ) ,( ),( ) ,( )

6.地貌成因的自然因素( ),( ),( )和( )

7.岩石与水作用时的水理性质(忘了是几个空了,好像是至个)

8.影响生物生长与发育的生态因子( ),( ,,s),( )等

9.还有一个题,4空,忘记了,只记得这36个空了

二,名词解释(10*3)

地理环境

季风群落

辐射干燥指数

克拉克值

生物圈

降水变率

太阳常数

9.
10.
三.简答(7*10)

1.地球表层地理环境有哪些基本特征?

2.从降水的动力机制说明降水的分布类型

3.母质和生物对土壤分布发育的影响

4.简述河川径流形成的过程,并分析影响河流流量的要素

5.热量和水分对生物生长发育的影响

6.河流在地理环境中对地貌的影响,并说明河流地貌的主要类型

7.
四.分析题(三选二,每题15分)

1.季风环流行形成的原因,并分析对我国的影响

2.黄土高原水土流失的原因,分析治理黄土高原水土流失的措施和战略

3.论述我国东部季风区纬度地带性分异

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吾爱地理 » 2010年西北大学自然地理考研试题
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