2008年中国地质大学(北京)自然地理考研试题

一、名词解释(共20分,每小题2分)

1、矿物的断口与节理

2、 河床与河谷

3.海蚀凹情与海蚀穴

4.气团与锋

5、波浪与洋流

6、倒石堆与冲出催

7.雅丹地貌与丹霞地貌

8.铁铝土与潜育土

9、食物链与营养级

10、石钟乳与钟乳石

二、多项选择题(共20分,每小题2分:每道题最符合题意的答案至少有一一个或一一个以上;全选对者得分,多选或少选答案都不得分)

1、如果一个地区的地壳运动稳定,那么该地区的地形地貌变化趋势是
A、山坡由陡变缓
B、河床由短变长
C.冲沟由深变浅
D.冲沟由窄变宽

2、按照地下水的埋藏特征,自流井流出的地下水应属于
A、滑水
B、包气带水
C、承压水

D. 上层滞水

3、下列哪些岩石属于岩浆岩
、干枚岩
B.辉长岩
C.闪长岩
D、安山岩

4、在一个生态系统中,从低营养级到高营养级存在以下的变化
A、生物的能量是降低的
B、生物的数量是降低的
C.生物的能量是增加的
D.生物的数量是增加的

5、下面是地球历史某一 -段时 期的地质年代划分,从早到晚错误摔列的是
A.0-5-D
B、S-0-P

C、 P-D-T
D、T-J-K

6、 当大气中的水汽压定时, 大气的温度与大气中的相对湿度关系是
A、温度升高,相对湿度增大
B、 温度升高,相对湿度降低
C.温度升高,相对湿度不变
D、温度降低,相对湿度降低

7、在一个盆地的边缘,看见套沉积物,其下部为较相大的砾石层,好石具有一一定
的磨圆,上部为粉砂质粘土层,那么它最可能形成的动力条件是
A、河流作用B、洪流作用
C、冰川作用 D.片流作用

 

9、岩溶地区的溶沟形成的主要动力是
A、片流
B、地下水
C、河流
D、洪流

10、在下列矿物中,具有两组解理的矿物是
A、云母
B、橄榄石
C、辉石
D、角闪石

三、简述题(共30分,每小题15分)

1、简述厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜现象及其对全球气候的影响。

2、简述地貌条件对土壤形成的影响。

四、绘制河流阶地的形成过程图,井分析河流阶地形成过程的河流地质作用特征(20分)

五、论述青藏高原的隆升过程的不同阶段对我国气候的影响(30 分)

六、读图题(30分)下面为一幅某地区的地貌图,根据图中的内容回答下面的问题

1、分析该地区的地貌发展史(20 分)

2、绘制A-B剖面线的简要河谷横剖面图(10 分)

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吾爱地理 » 2008年中国地质大学(北京)自然地理考研试题
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